Agriculture, considered a primary industry, has changed throughout the course of history and it continues to evolve not only to adapt to our way of life but also to respond to the changes of the natural environment through several innovations. From traditional methods that only allow for a few harvest seasons in a year to technologically enhanced practices that made farming a year-round activity, agriculture has gone a long way.
Just like how technology changed the way people do and experience everyday reality, it has also brought many significant milestones to the farming industry. During the 1940s in the rural America, farmers were only able to feed 19 people in a day. With technology and the advancement of agricultural tools and machines, a single farmer can now produce enough food for 155 people.
This number is crucial to some regions plagued with drought and famine like Africa. Several factors have contributed to this food shortage problem like climate change, low farm productivity, and overpopulation. However, African social entrepreneurs are starting to look at technology, more specifically digital technology to solve recent issues and predict future challenges, deploying cloud computing, connectivity and open source software to increase yields.
Changes in agricultural education has also risen to the challenge of responding to the signs of time and actively addressing the current problems faced by farmers and the industry as a whole. Unlike the limited courses offered ten years ago, new and better degrees that can benefit agricultural practices are being incorporated to other related studies.
These changes are expected to improve knowledge and awareness on identification of solutions to several farming problems faced by big and small farmers around the world.